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Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Rubella and other intraocular viral diseases in infancy found in the catalog.

Rubella and other intraocular viral diseases in infancy

Milton Boniuk

Rubella and other intraocular viral diseases in infancy

by Milton Boniuk

  • 233 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by Little, Brown in Boston .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Rubella.,
  • Ocular manifestations of general diseases.,
  • Infants -- Diseases.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    Statementedited by Milton Boniuk.
    SeriesInternational ophthalmology clinics,, v. 12, no. 2
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRJ255 .B65
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 234 p.
    Number of Pages234
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5286700M
    LC Control Number72005831

    INTRODUCTION. Two German clinicians, De Bergen and Orlow, are credited with the first description of rubella in the s; the subsequent attention it received in the German literature led to its appellation "German measles" [].Initially, rubella was thought to be a variant related to measles or scarlet fever and was called the "Third Exanthematous Disease of Childhood" or the "three day measles". German physician Daniel Sennert first described the disease in , calling it röteln, or rubella, for the red-coloured rash that accompanies the illness. Rubella was distinguished from a more serious infectious disease, measles, or rubeola, in the early 19th came to be called German measles in the latter part of the 19th century when the disease was closely studied by German.

    "The Red Book is the preeminent resource on pediatric infectious disease. Now in its 31st edition, it provides the most up-to-date information on a wide variety of infectious diseases that physicians encounter in children.   Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant, written and edited by Drs. Remington, Klein, Wilson, Nizet, and Maldonado, remains the definitive source of information in this 8 th edition of this authoritative reference provides the most up-to-date and complete guidance on infections found in utero, during delivery, and in the neonatal period in both premature and term : Book.

    Rubella is a typically mild childhood infection that may, however, have devastating consequences for infants infected before birth. A woman infected during the first 16 weeks (particularly the first 8 to 10 weeks) of pregnancy often passes the infection to the fetus. The rubella epidemic of resulted in 1,, infected individuals, approximat fetal deaths and ab infants born with congenital rubella syndrome. Since the introduction of the rubella vaccine in there are less than cases of congenital rubella .


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Rubella and other intraocular viral diseases in infancy by Milton Boniuk Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rubella and Other Intraocular Viral Diseases in Infancy (International Ophthalmology Clinics, Vol. 12, No. 2) [Milton Boniuk] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Get this from a library. Rubella and other intraocular viral diseases in infancy. [Milton Boniuk]. Occurrence. Rubella occurs worldwide.

See information about clinical case definition, clinical classification and epidemiologic classification of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome. Reservoir. Rubella is a human disease. There is no known animal reservoir. Although infants with CRS may shed rubella virus for an extended period, a true carrier state has not been described.

Glaucoma in the congenital rubella syndrome. in Rubella and other Intraocular Viral Diseases in Infancy edited by Milton Boniuk. People may shed virus from 7 days before the onset of the rash to approximately 5–7 days after rash onset.

Transmission from mother to fetus can also occur, with the highest risk of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) if infection occurs in the first trimester. Infants with CRS can transmit virus for up to 1 year after birth.

EPIDEMIOLOGY. Discussion of viral pathogenesis and disease, epidemiology, prevention and treatment. Rubella virus is the only member of the Rubrivirus genus of the Togavirus family.

Rubella (which means "little red" and is also known as German measles because it was first described in Germany) was originally though to be a variant of measles. Rubella. The rubella virus is an RNA virus.

Congenital rubella syndrome still exists, and outbreaks of rubella infection continue to be reported especially in migrant populations from regions where vaccination programs do not exist.

37 There has been reduced protection following the adverse publicity surrounding the MMR vaccination programme. The proportion of women of childbearing age thought to be susceptible to rubella. The neurosensory detachments resolve spontaneously and visual acuity returns to normal.

Most recently, chronic rubella virus infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis, as evidenced by the presence of rubella-specific intraocular antibody production and the intraocular persistence of the virus.

Rubella is a systemic virus infection that is usually mild. It can, however, cause severe birth defects known as the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) when infection occurs early in pregnancy.

As many as 8%–13% of children with CRS developed autism during the rubella epidemic of the s compared to the background rate of about 1 new case per by: 2. Infants with CRS shed the rubella virus in their nose, pharyngeal secretions and urine for months or even years.

Period of communicability of rubella (German measles) Rubella is communicable approximately 1 week before and for at least 4 days after the onset of the rash. CRS infants may shed the virus for months or longer after birth. What. Rubella is a viral illness that spreads from person to person by respiratory secretions.

Rubella is usually mild and self-limiting, but exposure during pregnancy can result in fetal infection and congenital rubella syndrome. Who. Rubella; Other names: German measles, three-day-measles: A rash due to rubella on a child's back.

The area affected is similar to that of measles but the rash is less intensely red. Specialty: Infectious disease: Symptoms: Rash, swollen lymph nodes, fever, sore throat, feeling tired: ComplicationsComplications: Testicular swelling, inflammation of.

Alison Margaret Kesson, in Netter’s Infectious Diseases, Vaccination. Active immunization for rubella is with a live-attenuated vaccine either as the trivalent measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine or, in some countries, as a monovalent rubella vaccine.

The rationale for the use of the vaccine is to prevent congenital rubella by control of postnatal rubella. Infectious Diseases of Fetus and Newborn Infant (7th Edition) (Chapter Rubella) Manual of Clinical Microbiology (11th Edition) (Chapter Measles and Rubella Viruses) Rubella Virus (Perspectives in Medical Virology External, 15), eds.

Jangu Banatvala and Catherine Peckham. Webster WS. Teratogen update: congenital rubella External. Many cases of postnatal rubella are subclinical.

Clinical disease usually is mild and characterized by a generalized erythematous maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy, and slight rash starts on the face, becomes generalized in 24 hours, and lasts a median of 3 days.

An infant infected with rubella during pregnancy can continue to shed the virus for about one year, sometimes longer.

Factsheet Rubella (German measles) is a worldwide, mild, exanthematous and highly infectious viral disease of children in unvaccinated populations. Measles is among the most contagious viral diseases known; secondary attack rates are ≥90% in susceptible household and institutional contacts.

Humans are the only natural host for sustaining measles virus transmission, which makes global eradication of measles feasible. There is growing evidence for the role of rubella virus in Fuchs' uveitis syndrome (FUS).

This report is the first to show persistent intraocular rubella virus in a year-old man with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), who presented with blurred vision and was diagnosed with by:   Rubella, also known as German Measles, is a viral illness characterized by maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy, and fever.

It is a highly contagious but generally mild disease, without consequences in most cases. However, maternal infection during the first trimester of pregnancy can cause a fetal malformation syndrome called congenital rubella syndrome.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases; Peter G, ed. "Red BooK: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 24th" Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics (): "Product Information. Attenuvax (measles virus vaccine, live, attenuated)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.

"Product Information. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can occur in a developing fetus of a pregnant woman who has contracted rubella, usually in the first infection occurs 0–28 days before conception, the infant has a 43% risk of being affected.

If the infection occurs 0–12 weeks after conception, the risk increases to 81%.Specialty: Teratology.CRS. These infants are classified as congenital rubella infection (CRI), and also shed rubella virus. Before introduction of rubella vaccination, epidemics of rubella have resulted in rates of CRS of – per 1, live births (1).

Rubella vaccine has been highly effective at. “We believe that if MMR-RIT (Priorix, GlaxoSmithKline) is licensed, it could provide a valid option to prevent measles, mumps and rubella in U.S. children,” Klein told Infectious Diseases in.